Across the country, data suggests that sizable racial and ethnic differences in standardized test scores are present on the first day of kindergarten—and in New York City public schools. Our research suggests those inequalities don’t decrease over time. How can NYC change the odds and narrow those differences so that more children succeed in school?
Expanding early childhood education is a heavy expense. Is this the investment that is worth it? From where could the funds for it come? What strategies should the next administration institute to ensure that children at every level and every grade are given opportunities and supports to improve their reading and improve their chances of academic success?
Read responses from Ron Fairchild, Dr. W. Steven Barnett, Michael Rebell, Catherine Snow, Jon Snyder, David Deming and Hank Levin.